|Chemical||Formula||M.W.||Sol.*||% D. T.**||CAS #||Data Sheet|
|Di-melamine Phosphate||C6H15N12PO4||350.18||2.00||~ 270° C||56974-60-8|
|Melamine||C3H9N6||126.12||0.30||~ 280° C||108-78-1|
|Melamine Orthophosphate||C3H9N6PO4||224.12||0.70||~ 300° C||20208-95-1|
|Melamine Pyrophosphate||C6H16N12P2O7||430.23||0.06||~ 350° C||15541-60-3|
*Solubility in water (gram in 100 ml at 20° C)
Melamine and melamine phosphates (DMP, MOP & MPP) are in a group of chemicals that are currently being used as non-halogenated flame retardants. Melamine compounds show good flame retardant properties because they use various modes of action. Their modes of actions include, char formation, intumesence, chemical interference, heat sink and heat transfer.
Melamine phosphates are compounds that contain both nitrogen and phosphorous which are beneficial in developing new non-halogenated flame retardants. These compounds show promise in intumescent coatings, polyurethane foams, nylon, paints, paper, and thermoplastic polyurethanes.